This article will explain how an EAM system can be used to lower the environmental risk factors involved with Hydraulic Oil and Gas operations.
How an EAM can Reduce the Frackin Environmental Risk Factor
Hydraulic fracturing, fracing or fracking, as it is known in the media, is the process of forcing fluids into underground rock beds under high pressure. The pressurized fluid forces open cracks and fissures in the rock making it easier for gases to escape.
It is estimated that approximately 90% of all natural gas wells use fracking to increase production. Unfortunately, the process of fracking has come under a great deal of scrutiny by the media and government as a result of several high profile accidents in Pennsylvania.
“Many environmental and human health concerns possibly associated with hydraulic fracturing include the contamination of ground water, risks to air quality, the migration of gases and hydraulic fracturing chemicals to the surface, and the potential mishandling of waste.”
One result of the accidents is an increasing concern about wells, well casing failures and the contamination of aquifers as well as toxic gas clouds. A new EPA study due out in 2012 will identify the official government position on the environmental consequences of fracking.
How an EAM can Lower the Fracking Risk
The 2005 Bush/Cheney Energy Bill created a loophole by exempting natural gas drilling companies from disclosing the chemicals used during the fracking process. However, the Bill did not exempt companies from liability as a result of accidents, contamination or environmental damage.
Oil and gas companies making use of hydraulic fracturing must take great care to make sure another environmental disaster such as last year’s BP Gulf Oil Spill does not occur again. Implementing regular scheduled inspections and preventive maintenance of critical blowout or failure points.
An EAM works by creating a database of all assets; it contains a description, their location, date of install, maintenance history including a record of inspections and the details of all work management performed.
By knowing where all assets are as well as their condition, maintenance managers can set inspection and preventive maintenance schedules that can identify potential problems early before they can influence the environment and the people in the surrounding areas.
An accurate maintenance history can also mitigate liability claims of negligence. An EAM is a win-win situation for Oil and Gas companies as well as the environment.